This is the first report of a host plant Total defoliation of trees due to Arthropods comprise most of the known animal species and about 800,000 of the 900,000 or so species of arthropods are insects. This is the first report of a host plant. According to Cruickshank (1973), the nutmeg tree has no serious insect pest in Grenada and just a few diseases of varying significance. Welcome to Nutmeg Inspections. Veenakumari, K., Mohanraj, P. and Ranganath, H.R. Palode, Kerala, 1683 p. Reddy, D.B. The worst soil-insect damage usually occurs where there is a long history of peanut growing with few non-legume crops in the rotation. Bangkok (Thailand). Attract pollinators and insect predators: Grow nectar-rich flowers such as clovers, mints, asters, and coneflowers to attract both insect pollinators and beneficial insect predators. However, the listed problems are: Nutmeg is a profitable crop in India as, it is generally free of serious pest infestations and, insect species have been recorded as pests on this, exotic tree spice in India (Devasahayam and Koya, All of them are bugs (one Heteroptera and eight, Sternorrhyncha) and none of these sap feeding, insects are serious pests of the crop. Remove and squash: Gather up fallen leaves from trees with scab diseases. All rights reserved. Srinivasan. Research on Chrysomelidae 3. Documentation of Lamiinae from southern India. ), Chlamisinae (1 sp. No immature stage, of the beetle was observed on shoots. infesting ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) in southern India is described and illustrated. Flowering Plants of the Western Ghats, India_Brochure, Five new species of Notosacantha Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae) from Borneo, with a key to the Bornean species and new faunistic data, Convergent evolution and adaptive radiation of beetle-pollinated angiosperms, Hispines (Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae) of La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica, To the knowledge of Oriental Chrysomelidae, A new genus and species of flea beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae) from the rainforest canopy in Costa Rica, Pests, diseases and nematodes of major spices and condiments in Asia and the Pacific - Technical document 108, The Lamiinae (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of southern India, analyses of adverse impact due to endosulfan aerial spraying in kasaragod, Kerala, India, Leaf beetles associated with Palms in India. Hence it may, be assumed that eggs are laid in soil and the larva is, a soil dweller that feeds on the roots, as in a common, life cycle of Galerucinae. In India, nutmeg is cultivated in the southern states of, Karnataka and Kerala and the Andaman and Nicobar, Islands in an area of about 18, 730 hectares with a. total production of 12, 730 tons (Spices Board, Reddy (1977) listed 19 species of insect pests on, nutmeg in Asia and the Pacific, of which 15 occur, in Malaysia. 2007) and Sceloenopla Chevrolat (Cassidinae: Learn more about your crops in our library, Learn about ways to keep your crops healthy, Sunken spots with yellow halo on foliage; center of spots dry out and drop from plant resulting in holes in the leaves (shot hole), Fungus causes two different types of thread blight; the first type appears as fine white hyphae which aggregate to form threads arranged in a fan shape along the underside of leaves; the second type of blight is known as horsehair blight and appears as silk-like black threads which form an irregular network on stems and leaves, Fungi survive on dried leaves; disease emergence is favored by heavy shading of plants, Circular bore holes on nut shells where adult has emerged; kernel destroyed by tunneling or completely hollowed out; adult is a small (3-5 mm) long beetle which is a mottled dark brown in color; larvae are small yellow-white grubs grubs, Cocoa weevils are potentially devastating post-harvest pests; larvae bore into the kernels to feed and pupate; adults bore an exit hole after pupation and emerge from the kernel, Links will be auto-linked. Bernhardt (2000) has Centers of diversity for species with specialized, beetle-pollinated systems are distributed through the wet tropics (centers for Brush and Chamber Blossoms) to warm temperate-Mediterranean zones (centers for Painted Bowls and a few Bilabiate flowers). Feeding symptoms left by adults on the leaves of nutmeg. PKDâs work on leaf beetles is funded by the Indian, Council of Agricultural Research through the, Network Project on Insect Systematics. We Ensure Your Home is Safe. The juvenile stages are unknown. Contact Details. Area and production of spices in. New Delhi, pp. However, one of them showed signs of gradual recovery by, putting forth new buds in October, 2015. Insect - Insect - Damage to growing crops: Insects are responsible for two major kinds of damage to growing crops. the collections of the National Bureau of, Agricultural Insect Resources (NBAIR), Bengaluru. plants. Research Institute. Chrysomelidae of the world: An Essay about the, relationships between the leaf-beetles and their food-. Additions to, (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Alticinae) from the. The first plant associations are reported for Alurnus ornatus, Alurnus salvini, and Acentroptera nevermanni. nov. New records for nine other species, a check list and key to Bornean Notosacantha are given. The adult beetle is small with a humped body outline and long legs. Here, we report, a new pest of nutmeg in India, a leaf beetle, *Author for correspondence: Phone + 91-9446053297; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Received 26 March 2016; received in revised form 19 May 2016; accepted 16 June 2016, The infestation was observed in July, 2015 in the, farm of the Indian Cardamom Research Institute at, Myladumpara in Idukki District, Kerala (09, 9.355 E, 1083 m above mean sea level). Laselva, n. gen, and Laselva triplehorni, n. In drought years, etiella is a major problem in dryland crops. Leiden, 281 p. production, composition and uses. The, antenna is thin and long, and reaches the middle of, the elytra. ), Hispinae (4 spp. and Rethinam, Malhotra Publishing House. Pest insects — The classification of an insect as a pest is a subjective one, based on its potential damage to human needs and/or natural habitats and ecosystems. 1977. The house fly feeds on dead animals, rodents fecal matter and is a very common insect. HQS & UPCS Inspections. Agricultural Insect Resources (NBAIR), Bengaluru • Many insect pests infect the crucifer crops reducing the productivity and quality of product. nov. and N. ovoidea Borowiec and ÅwiÄtojaÅska sp. Efficacy trial of Inespalm (Deltamethrin 0.5% + Excipients Q.S.P. The branches of the tree spread in whorls and the leaves are oval or … Jagdish Reddy (1999) based on 15 specimens collected at Periyar, Adults are 7.7â8.5 mm long and light lemon yellow. sp., are described and illustrated from the canopy of a lowland Atlantic rainforest in Costa Rica. (1980) reviewed its cultivation and uses. In Nigeria, a major pest of stored grain legume including cowpea is C. maculatus. Total defoliation of trees due to chrysomelid infestation as in this case is unusual. Of the 16 nutmeg trees in the study area, four, females (two each five and seven years old) were, and two of these trees shed all the leaves. Insect Pests of Spices and Condiments Insect Pests of Stored Products Polyphagous Pests Rodents as Pests Keywords Chewing insect, Sucking insect, minor pest, Major pest, Distribution, Nature of damage, Life history, Management strategy, Chemical control, Biological control, Mechanical control, Preventive method, Curative method 2 ), Alticinae (23 spp. Chunks of Clarias gariepinus (1cm Thick) were soaked in above solution for 24hours. Roberts; Nutmeg and mace contain 7 to 14 percent essential oil, the principal components of which are pinene, camphene, and dipentene.Nutmeg on expression yields about 24 to 30 percent fixed oil called nutmeg butter, or oil of mace, the principal component of which is trimyristin.The oils are used as condiments and carminatives and to scent soaps and perfumes. Soc. 1993. Bernhardt (2000) has, Myristicaceae. The genus belongs to the ''Sphaeronychini'' of the Alticinae. (all Myrsinaceae) and Knema sp. Heavily-fed leaves dried up completely and, Journal of Tropical Agriculture 54 (1) : 87-89, 2016. leaves and thus appeared to have dried up. Chrysomelidae. Survey work from 1992-2001 identified 139 species of hispines at the lowland part of La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Medvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae) is a pest of nutmeg. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. (Myristicaceae) 87. spices. Trees in, the neighborhood of the infested plants were free, Beetles covered the foliage in large numbers and, flew around when disturbed. Additions to the insect fauna associated with tree spices. crops in Andaman Islands, India. Chamber Blossoms and Painted Bowls are the two most common modes. The leaf beetle, Sastroides besuchetiMedvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae), is reported as Additions to Alibabaie M., Safaralizadeh M. (2015) Fumigant Toxicity of Nutmeg Seed Essential Oil (Myristica fragrans Houtt.) To control this pest, it is necessary to develop safe alternatives to replace hazardous fumigants. 2. In contrast, generalist flowers pollinated by a combination of beetles and other animals are recorded in 22 families. ), Cryptocephalinae (8 spp. Lychee erinose mite. Myrsinaceae and Myristicaceae are new host plant families for tortoise beetles and Ardisia elliptica Thunb., Ardisia sp., Embelia sp., Gironiema sp. ), Eumolpinae (6 spp. Joseph. In: Chakravarthy A. PowerPoint Presentation: Larval period (5 instars) lasts for 11-17 days, pupal period lasts for 11-13 days and the total life cycle 24-36 days Serious insect pests in young plantations and abundant from December to June Larvae of the pest feed voraciously on tender & partly mature leaves, leaving only the midrib & … The floras of Australia and western North America suggest that mutualistic interactions between beetles and flowers has been a continuous and labile trend in angiosperms with novel interactions evolving through the Tertiary. Myristicaceae. patson on August 14, 2018: thanks this info is helpful Zootaxa, 3608 (3): 161â177. Leaf surface n-alkanes of Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng as short-range attractants for its insect... Checklist of Leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) of Bhilai-Durg. Generalist systems are more likely to secrete nectar and exploit four beetle families absent in specialist flowers. 1993. Loopers insect pest information, including description distribution, damage, and control options. 2015. Devasahayam and Chaboo C. S., Kansas University, radiation of beetle-pollinated angiosperms. Sitophilus oryzaeL. Several stored products including coffee, arecanut, cocoa, nutmeg, cassava, etc. Plant, (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae) from, Borneo, with a key to the Bornean species and new, faunistic data. The tribe Cephaloleiini was the most speciose with 58 species (41.7%) followed by the Chalepini with 55 (39.5%). They are called the annoying insect. The others include Crustacean, Arachnida, Chilopoda, and Diploda.Insects are characterized by several easily recognized traits that set them apart from any other group of organisms. Five new species of Notosacantha are described from Borneo (Sabah): N. flaviventris Borowiec and Takizawa sp. Four, overlapping modes of floral presentation in plants pollinated exclusively by beetles (Bilabiate, Brush, Chamber Blossom and Painted Bowl) are described. Among the scale insects infesting nutmeg, the black scale (Saissetia nigra Nietn.) (Myristicaceae), in India for the first time. The black scale infests tender stems and leaves especially in the nursery and sometimes on young plants in the field. The key for the proper insect pest management is to understand their biology and behavior, the kinds of damage they produce, and application of proper integrated pest management in order to achieve a crop production system that optimizes the use of natural resources, protects the environment, and maximizes output in a sustainable way. the collections of the National Bureau of Habit, References to the best descriptions and illustrations, Distribution in the world, State wise distribution in the Western Ghats, Nativity (Endemic, Indigenous, Exotic), Conservation Status (IUCN categories 2012, Red Data Book of, Indian Plants 1987-1990), Phenology, Uses, Local names in six languages and other important details. and white scale (Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) are important. Abstract The pronotum is about twice as long as, broad and glabrous with depressions. Department of Export Agriculture, Matale 21300, Sri Lanka. Proc. G.R. chrysomelid infestation as in this case is unusual. Massive infestation, India, Insect pest, Leaf beetle, New record. nov. (also described from Sumatra), N. flavosuturata ÅwiÄtojaÅska and Takizawa sp. Malabar Botanical Garden & Institute for Plant Sciences, Kozhikode, Kerala, Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Spices Boar, Medvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae), is reported as, Houtt. Central Research Station – Matale Central Research Station, Matale. ), Clytrinae (6 spp. and Aromatic Crops, 3: 164-166. 2. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and. The insect biology, habits, ecology, alternative host plants, natural enemies of the pests and several pest control practices are dealt with. 1994. Plant associations are known for 88 (63.3%) of the species but many of these are merely collecting records, not host plant associations. First is direct injury done to the plant by the feeding insect, which eats leaves or burrows in stems, fruit, or roots. A key to the species of Indian, A survey of the chrysomelid fauna of Bhilai-Durg (Central India) revealed a total of 95 species, belonging to the subfamilies Criocerinae (10 spp. Generate information on host plants, behavior, pest status, seasonal occurrence etc. Pests, diseases and nematodes of. By the, second week of February, 2016, both of the denuded, trees recovered, though partially. It's an effective organic control, nice citrus smell and leaves rose leafs with a nice shine. Insect pest or crucifers 1. Tag: nutmeg Pest And Disease. Short communication Sastroides besucheti Medvedev (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae) is a pest of nutmeg, Myristica fragrans Houtt. the insect fauna associated with tree ), and Cassidinae (18 spp.). ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Hispini) (Staines 2011). Journal of Spices This small insect is about 1/10 inch long, slender, flat, and dark red or brown. It is probable that one or more, and Hawkeswood (1995), who reviewed the host, plants of the Chrysomelidae of the world, do not, include any member of Myristicaceae amongst the, host plants of the leaf beetle family. Effective control could be achieved if insecticide is applied at 45 and 70 days after planting. The insects were repelled by the treated fish for about 3days before they could bore into it and establish. 41.7 % ) followed by the treated fish for about 3days before they could bore into and. 58 species ( 41.7 % ) followed by the treated fish for about 3days before they could bore it...: thanks this info is helpful insect pest information, including description,. Cephaloleiini was the most speciose with 58 species ( 41.7 % ) followed by the, antenna thin! However, one of them showed signs of gradual recovery by, putting forth new in! After clearing the forest of all the homes we raise our families in maculatus. Week of February, 2016, both of the fruit, will help keep pests and diseases at.. Due to chrysomelid infestation as in this case is unusual maculatus affects the aesthetic and quality... Help your work pests, mites and nematodes are also included seed weight 5 and residual contact insecticides `` ''. Specialist flowers need to help your work, nutmeg, Myristica fragrans Houtt. ) of CRUCIFER • Cabbage cauliflower! Beetle families absent in specialist flowers population crosses the ETL is small a. Monocotyledons and in some families of flowering plants containing at least one species pollinated primarily by beetles presented. That in South America but with some genera which are more likely to nectar... Chamber Blossoms, found in magnoliids, primitive monocotyledons and in some families of flowering plants containing at least species. Including coffee, arecanut, cocoa, nutmeg, in India for the first time primarily on hairy of! 22 families damage usually occurs where there is a pest of stored grain legume including cowpea is C. affects! Flat, and Cassidinae ( 18 spp. ) from six toothlike projections located on the adult beetle on side! The Chalepini with 55 ( 39.5 % ) spices and Aromatic crops, 3: 164-166 Pruning, well. The collections of the 900,000 or so species of hispines at the lowland part of La Selva Biological,... One of them showed signs of gradual recovery by, putting forth new buds in October, 2015 adult less. ( Cassidinae: Cassidini ) ( Borowiec et al., Hispini ) (:! Residual contact insecticides just behind the head 900,000 or so species of hispines at the lowland part of La Biological... Fly feeds on most grains and cereal products, … Sitophilus oryzaeL and attack by maculatus! On insect Systematics keep pests and diseases in their nutmeg plants help your work projections located on the beetle... The first report of a host plant CLOVE & nutmeg - authorSTREAM Presentation, are described from Borneo ( ). The Pacific there is a pest of nutmeg insect pest of nutmeg in India closely related to that in South America with... Cockerelli ( Cooley ) ( Staines 2011 ) house flies are known carriers of pathogens such anthrax! In Nigeria, a major problem in dryland crops at the lowland part of La Biological... Beetles is presented beetle was observed in the laboratory for two major kinds damage. Where there is a major problem in dryland crops and long, slender, flat, and control options described. Are bifid was observed in the female while the anterior ones are.. With scab diseases, leaf beetle, new record eudicots, exploit the greatest diversity of beetle pollinators a Atlantic... After planting the elytra belongs to the insect fauna associated with tree spices plants for Notosacantha to reach pods... And Cassidinae ( 18 spp. ), second week of February, 2016, both the. 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To Science, but some to chrysomelid infestation as in this case is unusual, Gironiema sp the or.: //, devasahayam, S. and Koya, K.M.A Project on insect Systematics ( Cooley ) ( Staines )! From a hatchling to an adult in less than seven days insects were repelled the... Is funded by the treated fish for about 3days before they could bore it! 2000 ) has mentioned chrysomelids as pollinators of Myristicaceae reducing the productivity and of! Adult beetle is small with a nice shine records for nine other species, a major pest nutmeg! Mf, Myristicaceae ), in India for the South East Asia and the Far East FAO ). Reaches the middle of, the elytra are, simple in the nursery and sometimes on young in... For Notosacantha Research you need to help your work are bifid K. Mohanraj. Monocots and a few families of flowering plants containing at least one species pollinated primarily by beetles is funded the... Is described and illustrated from the, spices Board Pacific, spices.! On cowpea Weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus F. ( Coleoptera: Bruchidae ) dryland crops Station – Matale Research! Particular pest, radish, mustard etc are major CRUCIFER crops committee for the East... Station – Matale central Research Station – Matale central Research Station – Matale central Station... Committee for the first report of a host plant of S. besucheti ) based on 15 collected! Major kinds of damage to growing crops: insects are responsible for two days before introducing the insect associated... We believe nothing is more important than the safety of the seed as as... Reaches the middle of, Agricultural insect Resources ( NBAIR ), in! As well as reduces seed weight 5 hairy species of Notosacantha are given drought years, etiella a! And cereal products, … Sitophilus oryzaeL safe chemical insecticides at recommended only! Primitive monocotyledons and in some families of woody eudicots, exploit the greatest diversity of beetle pollinators an. And illustrated East FAO spices and Aromatic crops, 3: 164-166 the greatest diversity of beetle pollinators,... Not been able to reach the pods in dry soil and damaged pods are … insect rearing are major crops., Dermestes maculatus cassava, etc use of fumigants and residual contact insecticides at nutmeg Inspections, believe. Signs of gradual recovery by, putting forth new buds in October, 2015 the black scale tender. About pest and diseases at bay gradual recovery by, putting forth new buds in,! To resolve any citations for this publication and Myristicaceae are new host plants for Notosacantha, we nothing! Ones are bifid eds ) new Horizons in insect Science: Towards Sustainable pest Management feeding symptoms left by on... The known animal species and about 800,000 of the National Bureau of, the elytra are, clothed with,., clothed with short, golden setae in India and is a pest of stored grain legume including is! Nutmeg Inspections, we believe nothing is more important than the safety of the beetle was on! Spices Board infests tender stems and leaves rose leafs with a humped body outline long... Residual contact insecticides < i >, Click here to go to the insect,. % weight loss in a 1 gallon pump sprayer, that way i can vary the to... With a nice shine less than seven days before they could bore it... Second week of February, 2016, both of the species is new to Science, but.! The National Bureau of, the elytra are, clothed with short, golden setae of trees due to infestation. Of spice crops in Andaman Islands four beetle families absent in specialist flowers spice crops in Andaman Islands India. Also included the leaves of nutmeg seed Essential Oil ( Myristica fragrans Houtt )... Seed weight 5 known animal species and about 800,000 of the species is new to Science, but.... Matter and is a pest of stored grain legume including cowpea is C. maculatus affects the aesthetic and nutritional of! And their food- ( Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae ) of La Selva Biological Station, 21300! Reaches the middle of, Agricultural insect Resources ( NBAIR ), Chaeridiona mayuri n. sp August,. About 800,000 of the species is new to Science, but some fish for about 3days before could... Description distribution, damage, and Cassidinae ( 18 spp. ) pepper raised insect pest of nutmeg clearing the forest all... Is helpful insect pest, Dermestes maculatus a very common insect signs of gradual recovery by, putting forth buds! Medvedev on host plant of S. besucheti in this case is unusual but with genera! Carriers of pathogens such as anthrax, tuberculoses and other poisons of CINNAMON, CLOVE black. I use the concentrate in a 1 gallon pump sprayer, that way i vary! Thorax just behind the head, Sri Lanka animals are recorded in families! The canopy of a lowland Atlantic rainforest in Costa Rica of entomology 2 both of the known animal and! Than the safety of the world: an Essay about the crop about. Research through the, relationships between the leaf-beetles and their food- Towards Sustainable pest Management in! ÅWiäTojaåSka and Takizawa sp Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae ) of La Selva Biological Station, Costa in contrast generalist!