Organized crime members first emerged in the West in the 1970s when Soviet Refuseniks were allowed to emigrate to Europe, Israel, and the United States. Despite the creation of a national cargo theft definition and subsequent addition of a cargo theft category in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, UCR reporting of cargo theft remains at a fraction of estimated cargo theft activity nationally. In addition to the adverse economic impact, vehicle theft and its associated national and international criminal enterprises have been identified as having a strong nexus to threat financing where the vehicles are used as a medium or currency for worldwide financial transactions relating to drug trafficking, money laundering, terrorism, and RICO violations. Copyright: burlingham / 123RF Stock Photo. We decided to limit our focus on groups which maintain a large, ominous presence in the United States. The Bureau deploys subject matter experts to international locations to develop strategies to address TOC matters impacting the region, as well as to identify targets of mutual interest. Well, organized crime refers to a crime that is committed out on a coordinated basis by groups of criminals, and is carried out on a large scale as well. FBI.gov is an official site of the U.S. government, U.S. Department of Justice, Interstate Transportation of Stolen Property. They also are involved in illegal gambling, political corruption, extortion, kidnapping, fraud, counterfeiting, murders, bombings, weapons trafficking, and the infiltration of legitimate businesses. We’ve researched a bit and found out that, while many sources differ, perhaps the person most deserving of this title is Joaquin Guzman, or El Chapo (also known as drug lord), who was the head of the Sinaloa Cartel, and who has escaped the police despite being captured many times. indictments involving Asian crime groups in the United States and a large volume of both the English and Chinese literature on Asian organized crime. We couldn’t help but wonder who is the biggest gangster in the world today. Although tremendous strides have been made to combat cultural property crime, intelligence reveals this is a growing global threat, demanding proactive FBI measures and resources. The political, social, and economic conditions in African countries like Nigeria, Ghana, and Liberia have helped some enterprises expand globally. The resulting displacement of criminal activity and attendant violence from Mexico to other countries in this zone underscores the need for coordinated regional strategies to address transnational criminal activities, so that one country’s success does not negatively impact another’s. First, it is more common to see criminal groups cooperate across ethnic and racial heritage lines. Prosecutors in El Salvador filed criminal charges against 1,152 members of organized crime groups in the country, primarily MS-13 and 18th Street … The advent of the Internet and e-mail has made their crimes more profitable and prevalent. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. So what exactly is the definition of organized crime? These enterprises rely on extensive networks of international criminal associates and can be highly sophisticated in their criminal operations. A century later, the criminalized tongs have been joined by similar organizations with ties to East and Southeast Asia. The goal of the FBI is to bring down entire organizations, not just arrest select individuals. This crime trend has been understood, in large part, as an outcome of the post–cold war reconfiguration of national and economic boundaries. Law enforcement became aware of the Sacra Corona Unita—translated to "United Sacred Crown"—in the late 1980s. These enterprises evolved over the course of 3,000 years during numerous periods of invasion and exploitation by numerous conquering armies in Italy. The FBI defines a criminal enterprise as a group of individuals with an identified hierarchy, or comparable structure, engaged in significant criminal activity. Location – California. 0–9. It is very often an integral part of corruption schemes and the systematic undermining of justice, it generates homicides and insecurity, and it is behind many of the worst human rights abuses. The most profitable activity of the Nigerian groups is drug trafficking—delivering heroin from Southeast and Southwest Asia into Europe and the U.S., and cocaine from South America into Europe and South Africa. Eurasian TOC groups are politically and financially motivated organized crime groups influenced by, associated with, or originating from the former Soviet Union or Central Europe. The RICO statute, or Title 18 of the United States Code, Section 1961(4), defines an enterprise as "any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals associated in fact although not a legal entity.". Art and cultural property crime—which includes theft, fraud, looting, and trafficking across state and international lines—is a looming criminal enterprise with estimated losses in the billions of dollars annually. All rights reserved. Asian criminal enterprises have prospered thanks largely to the globalization of the world economies and to communications technology and international travel. To combat the activities of Mexican, Central American, and South American transnational criminal organizations—including illicit finance and money laundering activities and the flow of illegal drugs—the FBI works side-by-side with its numerous domestic and international partners to infiltrate, disrupt, and dismantle these groups by targeting their leadership and using sensitive investigative and intelligence techniques in long-term, proactive investigations. From 2011 through 2015, reported vehicle thefts averaged just under 707,000 per year. Investors, and law enforcement in general, recognize that Middle Eastern criminal organizations are in! Participation in a continuing operation of criminal activity, well beyond street level trade. 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